Material Selection

January 12, 2017 by · Leave a Comment 


Suggested materials for use in various temperatures and atmospheres typically encountered in the energy industry


ASTM
Design-
tion
Grade Service
Temp-
erature

Range
Strength and Ductility Suitable
Nuts
(ASTM/
Grade)
Tensile
Min.
psi
Yield Reduction
of Area
R/A
Elong-
tion
EL
Alloy
Type
AISI
ASTM A-193 B7 High Temp.
from 0 –
480ºC
125,000 100,000 50 16 Cr-Mo (4140) A194 Gr 2H
ASTM A-193 B16 High Temp.
from 0 –
550ºC
125,000 105,000 50 18 Cr-Mo V (4140M) A194 Gr 4
ASTM A-193 B7M High Temp.
from 0 –
450ºC
100,000 80,000 50 18 Cr-Mo (4140) A194 Gr 2HM
ASTM A-320 L7 Low Temp.
-100ºC
125,000 105,000 50 16 Cr-Mo (4140) A194 Gr 4 or
A194 Gr 7
ASTM A-193 B5 Up to 815ºC 100,000 80,000 50 16 5% Cr (501) A194 Gr 3
ASTM A-193 B6 Up to 450ºC 110,000 85,000 50 16 13% Cr (410) A194 Gr 6
ASTM A-193 B8 Low Temp.
-200 – 650ºC
75,000 30,000 50 30 18% CR –
8% Ni
(304) A194 B8
ASTM A-193 B8M Low Temp.
-200 – 750ºC
75,000 30,000 50 30 16%Cr –
10% Ni
(316) A194 B8M
ASTM A-320 B8 Low Temp.
-200 – 650ºC
75,000 30,000 50 30 18% Cr –
8% Ni
(304) A194 B8
ASTM A-320 B8M Low Temp.
-200 – 750ºC
75,000 30,000 50 30 16% Cr –
10% Ni
(316) A194 B8M
ASTM A-320 B8T Low Temp.
-200 – 650ºC
75,000 30,000 50 30 13% Cr (321) A194 B8T6
ASTM A-320 B8C Low Temp.
-200 – 650ºC
75,000 30,000 50 30 18% CR –
8% Ni
(347) A194 B8C
ASTM A-193 B8M
class 2
Low Temp.
-200 – 650ºC
125,000 100,000 35 12 16% Cr –
10% Ni
(304) A194 B8C
ASTM A-453 660 High Temp.
up to 750ºC
130,000 85,000 18 15 High Iron
Superalloy
660 (A286) A453 600
ASTM A-564
(cond. 900)
(cond. 1100)
630 Med Temp.
up to 316ºC
190,000
140,000
170,000
115,000
40
45
10
14
Precipitation
Hardening
STST
630 (17-4) A564 630
ASTM B-408 800 –
800H
High Temp.
540ºC – 815ºC
80,000 35,000 25 Incoloy ASTM B408
ASTM B-164 405 High Temp.
to 815ºC
85,000 50,000 15 Monel
ASTM B-164 K500 High Temp.
650ºC – 423ºC
Low Temp.
650 ºC – 253ºC
100,000 70,000 35 Monel
600, 625, 718, x750 ASTM B446, B637 High Temp.
from 850ºC – 1090ºC
100,000 80,000 30 Nickel Superalloy (Inconel)
B, C, X High Temp.
to 850ºC
170,000 115,000 30 Nickel Superalloy (Hastalloy)
Incoloy 925 High Temp.
to – 1000ºC
176,000 120,000 40 24 Nickel Iron Chrome

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